About Misgar

View of Misgar Valley

View of Misgar Valley

About Misgar
Misgar is an agricultural community located in the north western region of Gojal, Tehsil and District Hunza, Northern Areas, Pakistan.
The community is comprised of about 180 households situated about 7 km by one lane unsurfaced road to the northwest of the Karakoram Highway and 14km from Sost. Misgaris belong to the Burushaski speaking cultural grouping of people and to the Ismaili sect of the Shia school of Islamic teaching.
Misgar territory includes three main rivers, Kilik, Mintaka and Dilsung, all of which extend to international borders with China, and Afghanistan. The mountain ranges of Misgar are spurs of the Central Karakoram stretching east toward the Wakhan Corridor of Afghanistan. Khunjerab National Park and the Karakoram Highway, the main road to China, lie further to the east.
From a tourism point of view Misgar is a particularly interesting destination. Until 1999 foreign travellers were unable to visit Misgar and the valleys are strongly connected with the history of trade and travel along the Silk Road. Misgar was also a key military and civil communications outpost during the British time, a period that is represented today in Misgar the Post and Telegraph Office and Kalam Darchi (KD) Fort. These fine buildings, along with others of the period, contribute to Misgar’s rich historic, natural and cultural heritage.
This is an unusual set of circumstances because the opportunity to explore the last “trekkable” sections of two historic trade routes, to follow in the footsteps of some of Asia’s great travellers and trace the route of the Misgar mail runners is unique in Pakistan and perhaps South Asia. In addition Misgar remains well connected with Hunza culture and traditions and also provides direct and easy access to stunning scenery, a number of unclimbed 6000-plus metre peaks, easy sub-6000 metre passes and good wildlife watching opportunities.
Misgar village is well positioned to gain positively from tourism However the community must plan well if it is to avoid the adverse effects of tourism This project is the first stage of a community initiative to plan appropriate tourism developments for Misgar.
According to local historians the present era of Misgar history began in 1844 when twenty three men from Hunza went up to Mintaka to secure the territory leading to Whakhan and the Chinese Taghdumbash Pamir on behalf of the Mir of Hunza. At that time the Kilik and Mintaka valleys were periodically occupied by Kirgiz shepherds from Whakhan and this practice was at odds with the Mir of Hunza’s interests.
Two hundred years is a relatively short historic record for a region with a back door that opened directly onto the ancient Silk Route between Kashgar and Kabul. Certainly this is reasonable grounds to speculate that the low, snow free Mintaka and Kilik passes would have a history beyond that known to the people of Misgar.
The best place to find this information is in a book titled History q’the Northern A mzs q’ Pakistan by Dr A.H Dani‘. Dr Dani and his co-researchers spent five years assembling a comprehensive treatise on the history and ethnography of the Northern Areas, research that traced the civilisations, migrations, trade and conflicts of the region back to the earliest times. From these researches it is evident that Mintaka and Kilik Passes were known and used over a very long period of history by traders, invaders and other travellers.
Evidence of these early times can be seen in the rock inscriptions, drawings and Buddha images found along the Hunza and Indus valleys and in the megalithic stone circles located in the valleys of the Ghiza river catchment leading from Whakan passes to the Indus. There are also oral histories and early written records concerning the experiences and hardships that travellers encountered while enroute from central Asia to India. A succession of Chinese monks, including Fa Hien, Sung- Yun and others, made their way over the Whakan passes to ancient Ghandhara (Swat) to receive the Buddhist scriptures and eventually to transport them back to China.
Of particular interest in regard to Misgar is an inscription in Chinese characters found on the “Sacred rock of Hunza” dated around AD450 naming Gu Wei-Long of the Wei Dynasty as Chinese envoy. From this record it is possible to surmise that the people who occupied the region now known as Hunza had formal dealings with the Chinese administrators of the land north of the Karakoram passes. In fact Hunza (Misgar) territorial claims over the Chinese Taghdumbash Pamir beyond Mintaka Pass were only given up in 1963 when Pakistan and China signed a treaty defining the boundary and expunging each others claims to territory on either side of the new international border.
In the 19″ Century the British explorers Burnes and Younghusband traversed the region on secretive missions for British Army intelligence, testing the extent of Russia’s expansionist designs and mapping the routes into Central Asia. Younghusband actually crossed Mintaka pass enroute to Gilgit after being expelled from the Russian Pamir by Gombtshovesky; Younghusband’s journal records his travels in Mintaka and Hunza.
Shortly afterwards in 1892 under the leadership of Col Algernon Durand the British invaded Hunza, ostensibly to curb the activities of Mir Safdar Ali Khan of Hunza and thwart his overtures to the Russians although the actual reasons for the war are not clear. The Mir fled to China over Kilik pass with a large group of followers, the account of the British campaign in Hunza and the pursuit or Mir Safdar Ali Khan to Misgar is recounted in the book %km Thm Empire Mw by E. F. Knight’.
During the British period of history in India. Misgar was an important way point between Delhi, Shrinigar and Kashgar as well as a strategic military post. The Mintaka and Kilik Pass routes led directly from Misgar in Upper Hunza to Tashkorgan in the Chinese Pamir and then to Kashgar. Runners carried mail and dispatches from the Post and Telegraph Office at Misgar over Mintaka to Tashkorgan and vice versa.
In more recent times Misgar was the site where the China/Pakistan Boundary, commission signed the treaty of 1963 that opened the way for a “road” to be constructed ‘ from Misgar over Mintaka Pass to Pirali in China and for regular trade to commence between China and Pakistan.


19 thoughts on “About Misgar

  1. Thruq Rusth

    Well written history, of Hunza Misgar. Nice words but . Little confusion regarding your statement. According to Brushu popultion had been living here since 450 AD in the time of Gu-We Long . But at the same time you have mentioned that it was taken by the Wakhan Turkes or Khirges and so few strong people were sent in by the Mir of its time 1844 and so stsrted living there.
    But another question is if you have ever time to consider all the name of your place Including Misgar are in Wakhi , but as your Misgar Hunza never had these people arround .
    Can you please up date us because we had some false information regarding Hunza Misgar . Never part of Harbar

    • misgar

      Dear Reader,
      The extract above regarding the History of Misgar has been taken from a report prepared by a Echo-Tourism Group of Newzland, who visited misgar as a partnership with community. You are right that most names of the places’s of Misgar and its surrounding pastures are in Wakhi Language. In Misgar in some decades Wakhi speaking people used to live.
      We will try to get more authentic history of Misgar Gojal. Thanks for visiting the website.

  2. Nadeem Aman Rumi

    Salam to all.

    nice effort to esteblish blog of Misgar valley.

    here i wanna sher u that Misger vally does not situated in Hunza, it situated in Gojal Valley (tehsil Gojal). there is no any concept of Upper Hunza. All the administration setup of Misgar is with Gojal Tehsil .

    Nadeem Aman Rumi

    • misgar

      Dear Mr. Nadeem,
      Thank you indeed for your sincere comments. We will correct the typographical error.

      Thank you
      Sher Shah

    • jahangir shah

      dear rumi sahib, misgar velly situated in upper hunza, i m not agree with you , gojal is the next name of upper hunza , actully this is the part of hunza, for your kind info tehsil is gullmit , not gojal

      • Mir Aman Hunzai

        Let’s see the real picture…….Hunza doesn’t mean only Baltit or Karimabad or from Altit to Ali Abad….Hunza means Khizer Abad to Kilik or where Pakistan border ends in North…..Yes, within Hunza there are valleys, tehsils and UCs but we should not keep our eyes close from reality and historic fact.

  3. Excellent post, good looking website, added it to my favorites.

    • misgar

      Thank you so much for visiting Misgar’s website. Do write in detail about yourself. Have you been to Misgar?
      Sher Shah (Moderator)

  4. myb

    Magnificant valley at the junction of the significant mountians at the extreme point of boundary limit of Pakistan.

    This area gives me an idea that how to stand at the top, facing the xteme condition of geographical,cronological and eco-sociallism.

  5. As for as typographical land structure of Misgar is concerned, I think is surrounded by Gojal. Here, Brusho and Wakhi population having much similar cultural rich heritage collectively form attractive base for future sustainable existence in eco-socialist periphery. Respective, sharing and patronizing of mutual norms, traditions and customs we can transform ourselves into well organizaed and disciplined population……

  6. Fazal Din Baqir

    Dear Auther.
    Indeed this is a significant effort towards preserving your rich history. Beside this you guys either ignoring or forgetting an other side picture of the early real Heroes of Misger. For better understanding the mid history just read the book “And e ateeq hunza” by haji Qudratullah Baig.
    You can also email at fazaluddin2008@yahoo.com for getting more details.

    Thanx and regards

  7. liaquat dubir

    very talented and remonstrates people settled in upper hunza misgar valley.

  8. samit hunzai

    very nice history

  9. alishermisgerihunzai@facebook

    very good meathed but reality is incomplete try again ali sher misgeri

  10. Naseer ud din

    Misgar is famous for its rich history and it has a important place in the history of the area because a lot of legendary and mystical people have being to this place. In historic point of view it has an importance because was a historic trade route and our forefathers has played a crucial role in inhabiting that area and fought against many evils and odds and triumphed that area. It is demand of the time that we all should come forward for the development of the area in terms of religious affairs, political we have to put our effort. It is pertinent to mention here that we should be united and set an example of brotherhood to generations to come and keep aside personal motives and personal and vested interests. In the footsteps of forefathers who have set an example of unity and brotherhood and if we be untied it is not far away that the prediction of Aga Abdul Samad will come true that Misgar will be like Shar e Misr (Egypt).
    It is my humble request that particularly youth should read and ponder and reflect upon the Farman of Imam Aqa Sultan Muhammad Shah which was made via radio to the mureed of Hunza and Central Asia in 1940.
    Warmest regards to everyone.

    • misgar

      Dear Mr. Naseer ud din,

      Kindly send your introduction so that I can approve the comments or your thoughts.


  11. Rubina baig

    I am a native of a Misgar. I know the ground reality of my village and villagers where soft heart and hard work,self determined.

  12. Nadeem Huq

    Hello I’m interested in going to Misgar , any ideas can someone arrange our stay etc

    • misgar

      Dear Mr. Nadeem,
      Thank you for the comments. Can you kindly contact me on my mobile number 03462233127 so that we can talk in detail.


      Sher Shah

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